Thursday, April 11, 2019

Hunting for Prefixes Plus a FREEBIE!


Pirates are always on the lookout for treasure. Teachers are always on the lookout for teaching treasures. This teaching pirate does both; however, she also loves to create treasure for the classroom. Today I will share with you a few vocabulary treasures I have created for the word part, Prefixes. Before we explore the resources though, let's take a look at the importance of Word Parts.


Knowledge of Word Parts unlocks vocabulary treasure for the reader. Because a reader knows the meaning of a particular root, such as audi which means "sound", a reader will be aware of the word's fixed, or base, meaning. For example, when a reader comes across the word, inaudible, and doesn't know its full meaning but does know the root meaning, she realizes that the word has something to do with "sound". At this realization, she would probably reread the sentence to look for context clues that indicate something about "sound".

More than likely, this reader will be aware that the word, inaudible, begins with a prefix, in- meaning "not". Now she realizes that the word has something to do with "not sound" or "no sound".  Of course if she doesn't know the meaning of this prefix, she could consult a dictionary or ask someone for help.

Her next step is to examine the ending, or suffix, -ble. She might look this up in the dictionary. She might see a connection with the word, able, as well as the suffix, -able. Some words might pop up in her head such as valuable, capable, usable. As a result, she draws a conclusion that inaudible probably means "not capable of sound" or "not capable of being heard". 

Her final step will be rereading the sentence to see if the meaning she has come up with makes sense. In the sentence... The mute button had been turned on so the TV show's dialogue was inaudible... her definition of inaudible does make sense. Of course, if she is not aware of the meaning of mute or dialogue, she may not be confident of her conclusion. In that case, she reads on to see if there are other context clues or consults a dictionary or verifies with a friend or classmate.

Hopefully this scenario has demonstrated the importance of knowing Word Parts and also using context clues when attempting to determine the meaning of an unknown word. 


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Below are some resources to help you teach Prefixes. This first product, Prefix Hunt, focuses on the "Not" Family of prefixes: un-, dis-, non-, in-, im-, il-, ir-. Included are two sets of target words using these prefixes. For each set there are three engaging activities, two matching games, an assessment, and a list of common prefixes. I've provided the Teaching Tips so you can get a feel for how to implement the unit.









Prefix Hunt-Part 2 is designed similarly to the above resource.

Prefix Search is a FREEBIE that provides the 20 most used prefixes along with a matching game. 




Click on these covers to review these products in my TpT store.








Thanks for coming ashore! Please leave your thoughts regarding my blog and resources.

Happy Sailing!



                                                                                                    




Thursday, February 28, 2019

St. Patrick's Day Math Game Plus a Freebie!


Long, long ago, during my elementary school years, I enjoyed mathematics. I quickly memorized math facts and followed the traditional algorithms. I zipped through my homework, and I always had A's on my report cards. When I entered junior high, the enjoyment turned into  misery! Why? Because I was expected to think mathematically! I was expected to understand the process and explain why the mathematical outcome was true. Something that was not required during those elementary years. 

It wasn't until I became an elementary teacher that I truly realized the importance of the combination of mathematical procedure and understanding. Yes, knowing basic facts is quite helpful, but they don't have meaning if I don't understand or cannot explain why a fact is a fact. Why does 3 x 8 = 24? Algorithms for basic operations are useful but only when I understand how they work. If I can only solve a problem by using an algorithm and cannot explain why I arrived at a particular outcome, then I lack mathematical understanding. Without mathematical understanding, I could not truly teach my students. Luckily for me and my students, I worked in a district that provided quality professional development and adopted materials in which students explored math concepts. In addition, I taught with teachers who excelled in teaching mathematics and shared their knowledge with me.

As a result, when teaching multiplication for example, I didn't begin by expecting my students to memorize the multiplication tables. First we brainstormed things that came in groups such as animals with four legs, windows with six panes, egg cartons that hold a dozen eggs. Next, we grouped items together, created arrays, and drew pictures to represent multiplicative situations. From there, we moved on to skip counting. Then we learned how to use friendly numbers to find solutions: If we know that 2 groups of 8 equals 16 or 2 x 8 = 16, we can add another 8 to 16 (16 + 8 = 24) so 3 x 8= 24. 

Throughout our study of multiplication and eventually into learning division, we also read fun and engaging picture books which reinforced multiplication and division concepts as well as providing situations for trying out our understanding of these concepts. Here are a few book recommendations:


Amanda Bean's Amazing Dream by Cindy Neuschwander   

Amanda counts anything and everything but isn't convinced that multiplication is helpful as a counting method until she dreams about bicycle riding sheep. First she wants to count the wheels on all their bikes which leads to counting all their legs which leads to counting all their balls of yarn which leads to counting grandmas knitting sweaters! When Amanda becomes frustrated with the one by one counting, the sheep tell her to MULTIPLY!  

What is terrific about this book is that there are so many illustrations of things to count using multiplication!

Each Orange Had 8 Slices by Paul Giganti Jr. and Donald Crews 

There were 2 oranges. Each orange had 8 slices and each slice had 2 seeds. How many slices were there in all? How many seeds were there in all? 

Within this wonderful counting book are numerous things to count. The great thing is children have choices on how to count based on their ability. They can count one by one, use skip counting, or multiply. 

Bean Thirteen by Matthew McElligot

Ants, Ralph and Flora, are picking beans for dinner. They have twelve beans, but before Ralph can stop her, Flora picks one more bean. Now they have 13, the unlucky number! When they get home, they try to divide the beans equally between the two of them, but there's one extra bean, the unlucky 13! Now what do they do? Do they invite a friend to have dinner with them so the three of them can equally share the beans? But wait...there still will be one extra bean! How do they solve this dilemma!

Divide and Ride by Stuart J. Murphy


It's Carnival Day for 11 best friends. For each ride they visit they must divide to fill the seats, and all the seats must be filled. On the roller coaster, it takes two people to fill a seat while the next ride seats three per chair. Each time they divide there is one or more friends left over. How do they find a way to get their friends on the ride and fill all the seats?

One of the features I like most about this book is the array of stars used to illustrate each dividing situation. 

Stars  remind me of a wonderful game called Circles and Stars
which I discovered in Third Grade Math: A Month to Month Guide by Suzy Ronfeldt. This is a useful game when students are first learning about multiplication.

Here are the basic directions: 

Students play in pairs. They will need a single die numbered 1-6. Also each student folds a sheet of paper into eight equal sections. In the upper left box students write-- "My Total ___"; "Partner's Total ___"; "Difference ___". 

Students take turns rolling the die. First student to roll, draws the corresponding number of circles at the top of the second box. If a student rolls 2, then 2 circles are drawn. The circles represent groups. Now, the second student rolls and draws circles. For the next round of rolls, the first student rolls again and now draws the corresponding number of stars in each of the circles. If a student rolls 6, then 6 stars are drawn in each of the circles. Then the second student follows the same procedure. Once both students have drawn circles and stars in their rectangles, they will determine how many stars are in their own rectangle and write an equation to represent the multiplication fact. For example, 2 x 6 = 12 stars. The goal is to draw circles and stars in each of the rectangles.
Once all the rectangles are filled, students determine the total number of stars they have drawn and will record the number in the upper left corner box where "My Total" is written. Then they write their partner's total. Finally, the students find the difference between the total number of stars each drew and record the number in the upper left corner box. Students use the back of the paper to calculate the sum of their seven products and the difference between the number of stars the students drew. As you can see this is a "mathematically rich" game! When you feel your students are ready to move on to other combinations, provide them with a cube marked with 4,5,6,7,8,9.
                                                                                                                                                             

Hopefully, you have found some helpful information for introducing multiplication. Now let me share a game I created that provides practice for  multiplication/division facts.

Last month I created multiplication and division word problem task cards for Valentine's Day. This inspired me to design more cards but with a St. Patrick's Day theme. This new batch is aligned with 3rd grade standards so the focus is on multiplication and division facts, particularly the more difficult ones. In addition, I put together a board game, Pot of Gold Adventure, in which students race to win the leprechaun's pot of gold at the end of the rainbow. However, in order to move around the board, the players must correctly solve a word problem task card requiring a multiplication or division fact.   Below is a task card sample along with the game board.                                                                             



Read the Teaching Tips below to learn the best ways to use this product.
Try out a sample of these task cards for FREE!

Thanks for visiting my blog today! I know how busy teachers are so I hope I provided you with valuable teaching treasure that will benefit you and your students. Please leave a comment along with your email address. The first five mates to respond will receive the Pot of Gold Adventure Game as a gift from me or a $5 or less resource of their choice from my store. If you like the adorable shamrock on my St. Patrick Day product covers, check out Clip Factory by Teacher's Take-out.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

Monday, January 28, 2019

A Pirate Valentine plus a FREEBIE!


Ahoy, mateys! I've been working on Multiplication/Division word problems with a Valentine's Day theme. Before I introduce these treasures, I would like to share ideas that have helped my students solve story problems.

First of all, it is extremely important that students read the problem carefully, no rushing through it, no skimming.  It should be more like a "close"  and detailed reading. After all, the information that comes before the question is critical. I, also, recommend that students read the problem twice. 

Next, students should circle the numbers that are stated in the problem. Students need to be aware that sometimes numbers are written as words, and sometimes there could be numbers that are not necessary to solve the problem. If they find such a number, it's wise to cross it out.

At this point, students should reread the question and think about what it is asking. Then they write an equation that represents or describes the problem. Their equations will show whether or not they understand the problem. Remind students to indicate the unknown number of the equation by writing a letter to represent the unknown.  Students often like to use the initial of their first name!

Let's look at the sample problem below:



After reading this problem, we know that Angie is making Valentine cards for her classmates. She will make 30 because she has 30 classmates. She has stamped a heart on each card. She will outline each heart with ribbon. Each heart will require 8 inches of ribbon. The problem is asking us to determine the amount of ribbon that Angie needs. Here is the equation: 

        30 x 8 = V

I encourage students to look for multiple ways to solve math problems. For example, one strategy for solving the sample problem could be (10 x 8) + (10 x 8) + (10 x 8). Another possibility is (30 x 4) + (30 x 4) or [(30 x 2) x 4]. Some students will see the answer right away by realizing that [(3 x 8) x 10] = 24 x 10 = 240. Some students may need to draw pictures to solve, particularly when working with multiplication, division, and fractions. 

After solving the equation, I usually require students to check their solution by using a different strategy. Often students want to use the traditional algorithms to solve which is fine. After all, using those algorithms is a required state standard for certain grade levels. If students solve with the algorithm, then they must check with a non-traditional strategy. If the algorithm wasn't used to solve, then using it to check the original strategy is a great idea.

Finally, students write a sentence stating the answer such as "Angie will need 240 inches of ribbon." You might also have students compose an explanation of how they were able to solve the problem. This writing process will help students to further understand how they arrived at the answer.

With Valentine's Day on the horizon, I realized me treasure chest was lacking in gems for this particular holiday, and so I decided to make task cards for multiplication and division. These cards are designed for 4th and 5th grades. However, some third graders may be ready to tackle these problems.    

If you are looking for multiplication and division practice, below there lies a treasure for you!
This resource includes five sets of task cards. In all sets there are eight cards. On each card there is a word problem that requires multiplication and/or division operations with a related Valentine's Day theme.




If your students use Math Journals, they can glue the task card to a journal page and use that
page to show their process for solving the word problem. Also available is a Recording Sheet
designed for Math Journals.

Students should work independently. However, it is beneficial to have pairs share with each
other how they solved the problems. If working at the Math Center, I recommend students 
complete two problems and then share with a partner.

If you are using a task card problem as a warm-up problem or Problem of the Day, have a few
individual students share their work under the doc camera when all students have completed
the assignment. This is a good way for students to see the various ways a problem can be
solved.

Answer keys are also included.

You might want to download this FREEBIE to see if these cards are appropriate for your wee
buccaneers! Click on the image which will take you to this resource at my TpT store.


Thank you for sailing to my blog. To add to your treasure chest, be one of the first ten scallywags to leave a comment with your email address and receive a product of your choice ($5 or less) from my TpT store.

And please come back to visit!